tsunami

There’s Such A Thing As A Sneaky Tsunami?

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As you know we have had the threat of a tsunami approaching the Oregon coast in the past and it’s also a future possibility. The tsunami warning system has been upgraded, but there is always the possibility of a sneaky tsunami being produced. What do I mean by that term?

Tsunami Damage
Recent Indonesian Tsunami Destruction | Photo by The Indian Express

December 22, 2018 was a tragic day for many people on the other side of the world. A devastating tsunami struck between the Sumatra and Java Islands. Most of us know that tsunamis can be created by massive earthquakes. In that case it is not very difficult for the experts to issue a tsunami warning for areas that are in the path of the potentially giant and destructive wave.

Karnawati
Dwikorita Karnawati | Photo by

However, this particular tsunami was not created in that manner. Instead Anak Krakatau, an active volcano, reportedly partially collapsed triggering an underwater landslide that produced the tsunami. Dwikorita Karnawati, leader of Indonesia’s meteorological agency, was quoted as saying “The volcano reportedly collapsed, triggering an underwater landslide, which in turn kicked off the tsunami.”

Synolakis
Costas Synolakis | Photo by USC

According to an article on mashable.com titled “What is a volcanic tsunami, and why did one sneak up on Indonesia?” the author, Jack Morse, reported the “The sequence of events didn’t trigger a tsunami alert, catching the country by surprise.” Because of that fact the director of the University of Southern California’s Tsunami Research Center, Costas Synoakis, was quoted by NBC Television as saying “So from that point of view, the Tsunami Warning Centers were essentially useless.”

Tsunami Formation
Tsunami Formation | Image by Aqua Sports & Adventures

In my column dated March 3, 2014 I discussed the meaning of the word tsunami. Here is a paragraph from that column.  NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has a Tsunami website that defines Tsunamis as “ocean waves produced by earthquakes or underwater landslides.” It goes on to say “The word is made up of two Japanese words “tsu” meaning harbor and “nami” meaning wave because of the devastating effects these waves have on low-lying Japanese coastal communities. Tsunamis are often incorrectly referred to as tidal waves, but a tsunami is actually a series of waves that can travel at speeds averaging 450 (and up to 600) miles per hour in the open ocean.” Shallow focus earthquakes under 30 km deep with a Richter scale reading of above 7.0 are usually the cause of massive tsunamis.

Indian Ocean Tsunami 12/26/04 | Photo by cheesefactoriesonthemoon.blogspot.com

I pointed out one of the most devastating tsunamis. The December 26, 2004 tsunami. I was not in that part of the world when it occurred, but I found out about it while traveling. My wife and I were flying to Rochester, New York to attend my father-in-law’s funeral. We watched updates on the TV monitors at the airports and saw what at the time was unbelievable. The horrific devastation of landmasses along with the death of 230,000 people in fourteen countries. Indonesia was the hardest country hit followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand. The quake’s magnitude was recorded at 9.1-9.3 making it the third largest earthquake ever recorded. It lasted from 8.3 to 10 minutes. Coastal communities were overrun by waves up to 100 feet (30 meters) high. This Youtube video shows the massive waves as they roared in.

Back to this latest tsunami. Take a look at this video of the Anak Krakatau Volcano erupting  and you’ll see the power unleashed at the surface. Scientists will surely be studying this volcanic eruption caused tsunami in an effort to find better means of detecting the underwater landslides so that tsunami warnings can be issued in a more timely manner to save lives.

Let me know what you would like me to talk about or explain. You can email me at: [email protected].

You Know They Occur On The Ocean, But On Lakes, Really?

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We’ve all heard of tsunamis and the one that struck Indonesia in 2004 was a particularly deadly one killing over 250,000 people and wiping whole towns off the map. I wrote an article published March 3, 2014 explaining tsunamis. Here is a link to that article:

It’s Translation, Harbor Wave, Sounds So Serene.

A recent article written by Keith Matheny of the Detroit Free Press that was posted on the WKYC-TV web page sparked my interest in the fact that tsunamis actually occur on the Great Lakes. Who knew that they could happen 106 times per year on the Great Lakes? They even have a special name for them “meteotsunamis.” The term describes a tsunami with a meteorological (weather-related cause) rather than a geological cause for the typical tsunami.

Meteotsunami Waves
Meteotsunami Generated Waves | Photo by cottagelife.com

According to the National Weather Service webpage nws.weather.gov “Meteotsunamis have characteristics similar to earthquake-generated tsunamis, but they are caused by air pressure disturbances often associated with fast moving weather systems such as squall lines. These disturbances can generate waves in the ocean that travel at the same speed as the overhead weather system. Development of a meteotsunami depends on several factors such as the intensity, direction, and speed of the disturbance as it travels over a water body with a depth that enhances wave magnification.”

Newspaper Article
Newspaper Article | Image by The News-Paladium Benton Harbor, MI. through newspaper.com

Let’s take a look at 5 meteotsunamis events and how dangerous they were. Here are three events quoted from WKYC-TV:

  1. On July 4, 1929, a 20-foot wave that scientists now believe was caused by a meteotsunami crashed over holiday beach-goers on a pier in Grand Haven. Ten people were pulled out into Lake Michigan and drowned.
  2. On June 26, 1954, a 10-foot meteotsunami-caused wave swept fisherman off a pier on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago. Seven were killed.
  3. On July 4, 2003, seven swimmers drowned on Lake Michigan near Sawyer in Berrien County. According to media reports at the time, the drownings occurred within a 3-hour span after a powerful thunderstorm plowed through the area that morning, producing wind gusts of 50 m.p.h.

Back to nws.weather.gov for two more incidents:

  1. October 28, 2008 – Booth Bay Harbor, Maine: A series of waves up to 12 feet high emptied and flooded the harbor three times over 15 minutes, damaging boats and shoreline infrastructure.
  2. May 27, 2012 – Lake Erie: A seven-foot wave hit the shoreline near Cleveland, Ohio, sweeping beachgoers off their feet and swamping boats in harbors.
Meteotsunami Diagram
Meteotsunami Diagram | Image by meteo.com

We need to take a closer look at exactly how meteotsunamis function. The disturbance on the surface of the water can be caused by a sudden atmospheric pressure change or very strong downdraft winds both of which suddenly force the surface water downward producing the kind of wave increase as the geological tsunami but, causing the disturbance on a smaller body of water such as a lake or harbor.

One last statement from nws.weather.gov about meteotsunamis. “A meteotsunami should not be confused with storm surge associated with tropical storms and other large coastal storms. Storm surge is a wind-driven effect that occurs when strong winds push water onshore, causing water levels to steady reserver the course of several hours. Recent research has shown that meteotsunamis are more common than previously thought and suggests that some past events may have been mistaken for other types of coastal floods, such as storm surges or seiches, which also tend to wind-driven.”

That statement brought up another relatively unknown term seiche. The National Ocean Service of The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) defines seiche as ” a standing wave oscillating in a body of water.” They are usually caused by strong winds and rapid changes in air pressure that push water from one end of a body of water to another. When the wind subsides the water retreats back to its original side of the body of water. I know you were anxious to know that difference.

Boating
Boating On Dexter Lake | Photo by Tim Chuey

After digesting all of this information it should be obvious that you should always check weather forecasts when planing to be on a lake. Even a small-scale meteotsunami can swamp a boat putting the occupants in danger.

Let me know what you would like me to talk about or explain. You can comment below or email me at: [email protected].

Like The TV Show “Bones” But For Real.

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Scientists have been studying the bones of our predecessors for a very long time and have learned a lot about how our ancestors lived and died. There is a specialty field in which those bones are collected and studied. Forensic Anthropology is that specialty that was the main basis for the “Bones” series.

"Bones"
“Bones” TV Series | Image by chickstermag.com
Kathy Reichs
Kathy Reichs, Author | image by thechickandthedead.com

The original idea for the show came from the mind of best selling author Kathy Reichs on whom the character Tempe Brennan is based. My reason for explaining this relates to a recent discovery that may have serious repercussions in the fields of anthropology, geology and other disciplines. The anthropologists study the bones while the geologists study the location in which it was found.

Aitape Skull
Aitape Skull | Image by Arthur Durband, Kansas State University

The original discovery goes back to 1929 when Australian geologist Paul Hossfeld discovered the partial human skull in Papua New Guinea, specifically in a mangrove outside the coastal town of Aitape. The skull has been revealed to be from 6,000 years ago in the mid-Holocene period. What makes this skull significant is that new research indicates this person could be the world’s oldest tsunami victim.

Aitape Map
Aitape Map | Image by meteoweb.eu

In a research article published October 15,2017 in PLOS|one, which publishes research papers,  the team of James Goff, Mark Golitko, Ethan Cochrane, Darren Cumoe, Shaun Williams, and John Terrell put forth the results of their research. From their abstract “There is increasing recognition of the long-lasting effects of tsunamis on human populations. This is particularly notable along tectonically active coastlines with repeated inundations occurring over thousands of years. Given the often high death tolls reported from historical events though it is remarkable that so few human skeletal remains have been found in the numerous palaeotsunami deposits studied to date.”

1998 Aitape Tsunami
1998 Aitape Tsunami | Photo by nctr.pmel.noaa.gov

They referred to the 1929 discovery of the 6,000 year old skull by relating the fact that the skull was first mistakenly dated incorrectly. It took the more modern use of radiocarbon dating. Their paper went on to explain that the attention was paid to the skull and not as much the location, the coastal mangrove swamp where it was found.  “With the benefit of knowledge gained from studies of the 1998 tsunami in that same area, we conclude that the skull was laid down in a tsunami deposit and as such may represent the oldest known tsunami victim in the world. These findings raise the question whether other coastal archaeological sites with human skeletal remains would benefit from a re-assessment of their geological content.” In simpler terms, they need to see if previously studied sites where skeletal remains were found could have also been involved in the action of a tsunami.

Aitape Tsunami Sand Layer
Aitape Tsunami Sand Layer | Image by meteoweb.eu

Quoting an interview published October 15th in Phys.org quoting Mark Golitko again about the location near where the skull was found “We were able to use modern scientific techniques to understand a little more about how this place formed and what we were actually looking at.” Their team performed tests on the sediment there studying the chemistry and sediment size. Quoting the article “The found diatoms, small single-celled organisms that live in water and are sensitive environmental  locators, and used those to learn more about the water conditions at the time.” These sediments that the Aitape skull were in have pure marine diatoms in them, which is ocean water that’s inundating it. It’s really high-energy ocean water – high energy enough for these tiny specs of silica that the diatoms build to be broken as they’re washing in.”

What that really means is that the ocean water was forced over the land mass that normally would hold only fresh water. That’s how they determined that a tsunami was responsible for the death of the person whose skull has been discussed. There is even more historical evidence of tsunami action in the area as you might remember the great tsunami in 1998 that killed more than 2000 people.

I can this sum up very simply. They have enough evidence to say that the person who belonged to that skull was most likely killed during a tsunami and that researchers should check out other locations over the world where previously unknown tsunami activity may have been responsible for the deaths of more people than ever imagined.

Let me know what you would like me to talk about or explain. You can comment below or email me at: [email protected].

Could This Be the Lifesaving “Wave Of The Future?”

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Back in the late 1950s and early 1960s some people were obsessed with surviving “the bomb” and made themselves feel safer by building underground bomb shelters. In today’s world of serious natural disasters we need to be prepared for just about anything.

Tsunami Wave
2004 Indonesian Tsunami | Photo by youtube

One of the most devastating of the natural disasters is a Tsunami. We all remember the physical destruction and loss of life caused by the Tsunami in Indonesia some years ago.

Tsunami Hazard Zone
Tsunami Hazard Zone Sign | Image by repeating islands.com

There have been drills at the coast testing Tsunami warning sirens and procedures to help save lives. When the alarm is sounded getting to higher ground is imperative, but how high is high enough and how quickly can you get there? In an emergency roadway traffic can be bumper-to-bumber trapping people in their cars.

Panic room
Panic Room | Image by pinterest.com

I stumbled onto a product that is now available that could be the solution to being safe during a Tsunami and even other disasters or emergencies.You may remember a movie called “Panic Room” which was about a mother and daughter who end up living in a fancy apartment that has a safe room which when occupied and locked can keep out the bad guys.

Survival Capsule
Survival Capsule | Photo by Survival Capsule.com

This new kind of survival room could be the wave of the future. Pun intended.The company is called Survival Capsule, LLC and the initial idea was spawned back in 2010 in of all places Cannon Beach, Oregon. Here are the details from their webpage: “The concept of a personalized safety system against the threat of a Tsunami was first envisioned by Julian Sharpe while spending the weekend at Cannon Beach, Oregon, with his family. The memory of the 2004 Indonesian Tsunami, which took the lives of approximately 225,000 people, was fresh in his mind. On returning to the office of IDEA International the following Monday, Julian shared the idea with with his colleague, Scott Hill, who happened to be quite impressed. The two of them proceeded to develop a fully working design concept, performed some initial structural analysis and converged on a functioning design.”

In 2011 they entered their capsule design into the NASA Tech Brief Innovation contest. Out of some 350 entries their design ranked in 9th place. That’s quite an accomplishment. When local  media got wind of this they became advocates of their endeavor.

Here is how they describe their product “The Survival Capsule is a patent-pending, personal safety system (PSS) designed as a spherical ball to protect against tsunami events, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, and storm surges.” The idea sort of reminds me of the escape pods that have been shown in science fiction movies when people need to flea the larger space station or space ship.

Survivcal capsule Interior
Capsule Interior Showing Seats and Harnesses | Photo by Survival Capsule LLC

Just placing yourself inside a protective ball isn’t enough. It’s what is added both inside and out that makes survival more plausible. Here is a list of the standard features in the Survival Capsule: Safety seating with four-point harness straps, storage space (sufficient for five days supply per person), multiple counter sunk hoisting points, water storage (bladder or tank), basic internal light, GPS (Global Positioning System), air ventilation vents, capsule storage stand, basic, high-visibility unit color, air supply tanks (one for each occupant), hard restraint support, solid, watertight marine door (opens from inside and outside), and a marine standard window.

The capsules come in sizes ranging from a two-person capacity up to a 10-person capacity. The larger capacity would be used by businesses, hospitals, airports, etc. while the smaller one would be suitable for residential use.

Julian Sharpe & Jeanne Johnson
Julian Sharpe Outside With Jeanne Johnson Inside Survival Capsule | Photo by Survival Capsule LLC

What makes this even more exciting is that the first person to purchase a survival capsule is Jeanne Johnson from Oak Park, Washington. She was concerned that she would have a difficult time getting through the rush of people trying to flee to higher ground should a Tsunami warning be issued and this invention takes care of that concern. The cost of the two-person  Survival Capsule starts at $13,500.

For more details, price quotes and contact information you can go to the Survival Capsule.com webpage.

Let me know what you would like me to talk about or explain. You can comment below or email me at: [email protected].

 

US West Coast Earthquake Warning as Cascadia Subduction Zone Surges (Event Model)

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NOTE: The source article appears to be based off of a NOAA Tsunami preparedness and event model:http://nctr.pmel.noaa.gov/cascadia_simulated/index.html  This is intended for public awareness, not a live warning.

An ocean data buoy is alerting to an “event” in the Cascadia Subduction Zone off the west coast of Oregon. This is where a magnitude 9 earthquake hit in 1700.

According to the data buoy, the water column height (depth) fell sharply within minutes off the coast of Oregon, signaling the land beneath the ocean has suddenly “sunk.”

As of 0231:30, the initial water column height is 2738.80 Meters deep (8985.56 feet). Two minutes and thirty seconds later, that same water column height had dropped to 2738.66 Meters deep (8985.10 feet). Where did the four inches of water disappear to? Answer: The earth sunk; and continued to sink for the next several HOURS. As you can see from the second chart above, from 0230 GMT to 0600 GMT, the ocean continued to sink to 2737.7 meters deep (8981.95 feet). The buoy is too far away from shore to be affected by high/low tide, so where did the four feet of ocean water disappear to?

This means a Tectonic Plate in the Ocean named the “Juan de Fuca Plate” has made a sudden, eastward movement and slipped beneath another Tectonic Plate named the “North American Plate.” This type of event is usually followed by a massive upward movement of the North American Plate causing a very severe earthquake.

interstate5The entire column of water . . . all 8985 feet of it . . . is what dropped four feet. And it did so over an area several miles wide. When the tectonic plate snaps back upward, it can launch that entire 8985 foot column of water upward and toward the shore. As the continental shelf rises toward the shore (the ocean gets more shallow) that 8985 foot column of water starts accumulating upon itself as it moves toward shore, becoming one massive wave, perhaps 45-50 feet tall, that hits the shore for twenty minutes. If such a thing were to happen today, hundreds-of-thousands of people would be killed as a fifteen meter (45 foot) wall of water came ashore well inland passing Interstate 5 and destroying everything its path from the beach to Interstate 5.

Full Story: US West Coast Earthquake Warning as Cascadia Subduction Zone Surges

It’s 363 Miles Long, But What Is It?

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It’s not the state highway system of Oregon, that’s about 8,000 miles of roadways. It’s certainly not the length of the Oregon Trail which is 2,200 miles. What I am referring to is the Oregon Coastline.

Central Oregon Coast
Beach Along The Central Oregon Coast Near Newport| Photo by Tim Chuey

The entire Oregon coastline is accessible to the public because we own it. That is a result of the Oregon Beach Bill that was passed back in 1997. No private citizens or businesses are allowed to block public access to the beaches along the Oregon coast. It would be possible for you to walk all 363 miles of the coastline, with the possible exception of some natural barriers, if you chose to do so. The question I pose now is: “Is the Oregon coastline healthy and looking forward to a long and prosperous life?” I will attempt to answer that question or at least find some experts who can shine a brighter light on the subject.

Oregon Coastline
Oregon Coastline Near Newport | Photo by Tim Chuey

A survey published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in partnership with Oregon State University Department of Geology and Mineral Industries presented “a new assessment of shoreline change along the Pacific Northwest from the late 1800s to the present” (Survey was released 12/9/2013 by the USGS so that would be “the present”). According to the report “since the 1960s 13 of the 17 beach “littoral cells” – stretches of beach between rocky headlands and major inlets – in Oregon have shifted, either from a pattern of accretion [growing] to one of erosion, or to an increased amount of erosion, or they have built up less than in the past. Some of the hardest hit areas along the coast include the Neskowin littoral cell between Cascade Head and Pacific City, and the Beverly Beach littoral cell between Yaquina Head and Otter Rock, where shoreline change rates have averaged more than one meter of erosion since the 1960s.”

Strong storms can erode the beaches at an even faster rate that the simple rise and fall of the tides. Should a tsunami strike the Oregon coast the beach erosion could range from major to catastrophic, in my humble opinion. The report explains that the Washington coast around the mouth of the Columbia has seen more accretion (growing beaches) due to the sediment spread by the Columbia River. Farther south in Oregon, south of Tillamook Head, that is not happening so there is more erosion and thus less sand. According to Peter Ruggiero, an OSU coastal hazards specialist and lead author of the report, “Over the long term, much of the coastline is lifting because of plate tectonics. Along Oregon’s coast, the uplift is only about a millimeter (mm) a year, while sea level rise has been about 2-3 mm per year. South of Coos Bay, however, the land is rising faster than the sea level is rising.”

Oregon Coast
Central Oregon Coast Near Newport| Photo by Tim Chuey

A researcher with the Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries and co-author of the report, Jonathan Allan, said that there are some “hot spots”  in Oregon where erosion has been significant and bluffs have failed, collapsing houses. “The beaches at Gleneden Beach and Neskowin {between Cascade Head and Pacific City}, for example, contain coarse sand, which contrasts with the finer-grained beaches along much of the Oregon coast.” “These beaches tend to be steeper, and reflective of breaking wave energy, which makes them more dynamic. When coupled with the development of rip current embayments, it often results in hot spot erosion, which leads to the development of hazards  when homes are placed too close to the beach.” The study showed erosion is occurring in about 44 percent of the 9,000 segments that make up the coastline.

The official title of the study is “National Assessment of Shoreline Change: Historical Change Along the Pacific Northwest Coast.” The authors include Peter Ruggiero, OSU; Meredith G. Kratzmann, Emily A. Himmeistoss, and David Reid, USGS; Jonathan Allan, DOGAMI; and George Kaminsky, Washington Department of Ecology. The results of the study give the scientists a base-line from which to measure future changes in our coastline.

Indian Ocean Tsunami 12/26/04 | Photo by cheesefactoriesonthemoon.blogspot.com
Indian Ocean Tsunami 12/26/04 | Photo by cheesefactoriesonthemoon.blogspot.com

One event that could drastically chance Oregon’s coastline would be a tsunami. Before a tsunami comes ashore it pulls water at the shoreline out to sea and then the wall of water follows back over the land. Once the tsunami waves stop moving onshore the water starts to recede and can drag the beach sand, debris, and even people back out to sea. That kind of “erosion” would be devastating to the coastal ecology. That’s a good reason to make sure you get as far away from the shore as possible when a tsunami warning is issued.

Let me know what you would like me to talk about or explain. You can comment below or email me at: [email protected]

It’s Translation, Harbor Wave, Sounds So Serene.

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You may have guessed what I am referring to and that is the Tsunami. That is its Japanese name. It is anything but serene. NOAA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, has a Tsunami website that defines Tsunamis as “ocean waves produced by earthquakes or underwater landslides.” It goes on to say “The word is made up of two Japanese words “tsu” meaning harbor and “nami” meaning wave because of the devastating effects these waves have on low-lying Japanese coastal communities. Tsunamis are often incorrectly referred to as tidal waves, but a tsunami is actually a series of waves that can travel at speeds averaging 450 (and up to 600) miles per hour in the open ocean.” Shallow focus earthquakes under 30 km deep with a Richter scale reading of above 7.0 are usually the cause of massive tsunamis.

The most memorable tsunamis of recent history are the big one on December 26,2004 caused by an undersea megathrust earthquake in the Indian Ocean that devastated the coasts of just about every landmass bordering the Indian Ocean and the more recent March 11, 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami that was the worst ever to hit Japan and caused serious damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant releasing deadly radiation.

Indian Ocean Tsunami 12/26/04 | Photo by cheesefactoriesonthemoon.blogspot.com
Indian Ocean Tsunami 12/26/04 | Photo by cheesefactoriesonthemoon.blogspot.com

Let’s start with the December 26,2004 tsunami. I was not in that part of the world when it occurred, but I found out about it while traveling. My wife and I were flying to Rochester, New York to attend my father-in-law’s funeral. We watched updates on the TV monitors at the airports and saw what at the time was unbelievable. The horrific devastation of landmasses along with the death of 230,000 people in fourteen countries. Indonesia was the hardest country hit followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand. The quake’s magnitude was recorded at 9.1-9.3 making it the third largest earthquake ever recorded. It lasted from 8.3 to 10 minutes. Coastal communities were overrun by waves up to 100 feet (30 meters) high. This Youtube video shows the massive waves as they roared in.

Japan Tsunami Wave 3/11/11
Japan Tsunami Wave 3/11/11| Photo by ww.abc.net.au

The more recent March 11, 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami was the strongest earthquake ever measured in Japan. A report issued by the Japanese National Police Agency on February 10, 2014 confirmed 15,884 deaths, 6,147 people injured, and 2,636 people still missing and that is across 20 prefectures. As for property damage 127,290 buildings totally collapsed, 272,788 buildings were categorized as “half collapsed,”and 747,989 buildings were partially damaged. About 4.5 million homes in northeast Japan were left without electricity and 1.5 million had no water. Quoting Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan “in the 65 years after the end of World War II, this is the toughest and the most difficult crisis for Japan.” The tsunami also caused nuclear accidents, primarily the 7 meltdowns in the three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power plant complex and the associated evacuation zones affecting hundreds of thousands residents. At least three nuclear reactors suffered explosions due to hydrogen gas buildup in their outer containment buildings because of cooling system failure.

Dock From Japan Washed Up On Oregon Beach | Photo by kocd.com
Dock From Japan Washed Up On Oregon Beach | Photo by kocd.com

Debris, some of which is radioactive, has been coming across the Pacific Ocean to wash up on the West Coast of the United States. The dock above is the largest piece of floating debris found.

Billions of dollars in damage and a death-toll of 425,000 people have been attributed to tsunamis since 1850. Tsunami waves are unlike normal sea waves because they have a longer wavelength and usually present as a series of waves. The waves spread out like the ripples when you drop a rock in a body of water. Here is a simulation of what a tsunami caused by an earthquake looks like.

The tsunami warning system has provided warnings when a tsunami forms in the Pacific Basin since 1946, but only by using seismometers and coastal tide gauges which allow accurate predictions of the impact of a tsunami on a particular coastal location. The latest deep ocean tsunami detection system responds to a tsunami that is generated by seismic activity. It is called the DART mooring system. Check out the animation that you can actually interact with.

The West Coast of the United States is vulnerable to potential tsunamis. Some of the most important rules for those living near the ocean or visiting the coast are to never turn your back on the ocean, if a tsunami warning siren goes off leave the beach immediately, if you see the tide recede much farther out to sea than normal (this happens before the tsunami moves in) get off the beach (many have been killed by walking the beach out toward the ocean to pick up sea shells, etc. and drown when the tsunami wave comes in). If you want to keep up with when and where tsunamis have occurred you can use the NOAA/NWS National Tsunami Warning Center website.

Let me know what you would like me to talk about or explain. You can comment below or email me at: [email protected].

Local Author Premieres New Book At Tsunami

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Imagine a rosebud in your hand. It has yet to bloom, you feel its silky surface, and then gently remove a petal. You continue removing petal by petal, carefully, thoughtfully, until you reach the heart of the thing. This is the experience one has when reading “Girlfag”.

Janet Hardy, co-author of the bestselling book, “The Ethical Slut”, and ten others, has recently released a memoir titled “Girlfag: A Life Told in Sex and Musicals”.

Girlfag, a term first coined by Jill Nagle, denotes a “female-bodied person who loves and identifies with gay men”. To further clarify, “Girlfags are not fag hags – fag hags enjoy gay men as company; girlfags enjoy them as bedmates and peers”. The gender-bending autobiographical account tears down rigid societal definitions of sexuality by exploring outlying alternatives to the singularity of the classic hetero-man-woman-missionary-position structure.

Petal by petal, moment by moment, experience by experience, Hardy carries you along in the story of her journey leading to personal revelation of sexual discovery, that is universally felt by anyone who has found themselves drawn away from a well-trodden path lain down as a norm and into a world of new, inspired and unending sexual possibilities; a journey that is made, not for mere pleasure (although it is delightful), but out of necessity, to be truthful to one’s inner fabric and design. It is a mission taken by those who feel that they are unable to be defined simply as “straight”, “gay”, “male”, “female”, or by the many other confining labels circulating within our culture’s limited sexual palate.

Janet’s story is told through a delicate weaving of momentous life altering experiences, musical theatre and pop culture references.

Excerpt:

“This is a book about dissolution, in all the senses of the word. Lawyers call a divorce a “dissolution,” and there’s a divorce in here, although a rather anticlimactic one. And some people say you’re “dissolute” if they think that you’re morally not quite up to par, and, well, there’s a lot of that in here too, mostly with me at its center.

But “dissolution” is the noun form of the verb “dissolve.” Moviemakers use a “dissolve” to transition from one scene to the next, so that they can jump all around their story, sometimes to things that seem irrelevant at the time but that start to make more sense as the movie progresses. And physicists use “dissolve” to mean the softening of edges, the loss of boundaries, the point where the lump of sugar becomes smaller and smaller, and then the sugar is liquid, and then the water is sweet.

And that’s really what this book is about: dissolving, dissolution, solution. Edges softening, edges disappearing, edges so far gone that you realize they never existed and that you’re standing like Wile E Coyote in midair. Don’t worry, you’ll only fall if you think too much about how you got there in the first place.”

The book, published by Janet’s own Beyond Binary Books, was released in September of this year.

Janet holds a MFA in Creative Writing from St. Mary’s College of California. Her publishing company, Greenery Press has produced works of nonfiction and fiction “for the sexually adventurous” since 1992.

Hardy frequently travels the globe speaking as an author and educator on “topics ranging from ethical multipartner relationships to erotic spanking and beyond”. Janet and husband, Edward, currently call Eugene, Oregon their home.

You can pick up a copy of her new book and meet Janet tomorrow (Sunday, 11/18) evening between 4P and 7P at Tsunami Books on Willamette Street, where she will be premiering and reading selections from her memoir, “Girlfag: A Life Told in Sex and Musicals“, as well as presenting a Q&A session and signing copies of the book. Admission is free and light refreshments are to be provided.

 

July 17 – Morning Headlines

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Headlines

The Casanova Center expansion?
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  • Maverick councilor wants to be mayor
    Two weeks after surviving an attempt to force a recall election, Creswell City Councilor A.J. O’Connell has declared his candidacy for mayor. Since his arrival on the council in January 2011, the 24-year-old O’Connell has clashed openl… 
  • Springfield replaces prosecutor
    The City Council has decided to hire a new firm to be Springfield’s municipal prosecutor, a move that will save $56,000 a year and potentially more, but that will jettison current prosecutor David Logan, whose firm has held the contra… 
  • Analysis favorable for EmX extension
    A key environmental analysis of the controversial extension of bus rapid transit lines into west Eugene has determined that the project would not cause significant harm to the region. The finding, which was expected, is another milestone in the effort ..
  • Damian Lillard Starts Blazers Career as Floor Leader
    Damian Lillard wowed fans and set high standards in his first professional outing, scoring 25 points and leading a huge second-half comeback. But are expectations too high in the Rose City?
  • UO’s football palace
    This story has been corrected by the Register Guard. The correction can be found here.
    Massive concrete pillars to hold together the $68 million operations center that Nike’s Phil Knight is building for the University of Oregon football program are shooting up next to Autzen Stadium. The new center will feature two skybridge-linked bui…

Keep Current: – EDN Headline News, Sports and Weather

Tim Chuey Weather:

The chance of showers and thunderstorms will stick with us through midweek, then back to sunshine and dry weather.

High: 78
Low: 52
Forecast: Thunderstorms

closed low (brown circle) is sliding south from Canada through Oregon into California bringing us more clouds as it moves through, but I don’t think we’ll see any significant precipitation just a chance of a shower or thunderstorm. A frontal system will swing in Wednesday and Wednesday night, again bringing only clouds and not a significant chance of precipitation. We will dry out and warm up as we head into next weekend.

[gn_note color=#eee]
The pollen count for the Eugene-Springfield area is:
Grass- Moderate (17) (Observation: It looks like the grass pollen season is just about over.)
Trees- Low (2)
Data from Oregon Allergy Associates
[/gn_note]

Forecast for the Southern and lower Mid Willamette Valley including Eugene-Springfield and Albany-Corvallis: Partly cloudy with a (30%) chance of showers this AM, mostly cloudy with a slight (20%) chance of thunderstorms this afternoon and evening (under 0.10 in. of rain possible, more in storms), then a slight (20%) chance of showers late tonight (under 0.10 in. of rain possible) and again Wednesday AM, a mix of clouds and sun with a slight (20%) chance of showers Wednesday afternoon and evening, then partly cloudy Wednesday night through Thursday night highs 76-78 lows 55-52. Partly cloudy Thursday through Friday night, then mostly sunny Saturday, Sunday, and Monday with mostly clear nights highs 80-90 cooling to near 87 Monday lows near 54. (seasonal averages high 83 low 52)

Because weather forecasting is a combination of science, intuition, and timing there can be no absolute guarantees that individual forecasts will be 100% accurate. Nature is in a constant state of flux and sudden unexpected weather events can happen.

Keep Current on the Weather: timchueyweather4u.com

Zombies, Racism, and Craigslist on EDN: The News Week in Review

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www.tippyandfriends.com

Eugene was a hot topic on the Internet this last week. Not the city, though, sorry. Everyone has been reading about Mr. Eugene, first name Rudy, a 31-year-old man from Miami who took “bath salts. Ingredients in bath salts — usually concentrated with a substantial dose of methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) — can cause hallucinations, psychosis and dangerous behavior — and apparently transform someone into a zombie!. As the drug first surged in use, authorities described its effects as a high similar to LSD-induced trips that could sometimes include amphetamine-like palpitations and paranoia. [1] After consuming this substance, Mr. Eugene was discovered chomping on another man’s face and neck before he was shot and killed by police. But fear not, “the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officially announced on Thursday that zombies don’t exist.” [2]

Zombies might not exist, but racists do, as Lane County was reminded last week when four people chased and threatened a 15-year-old Springfield teenager due to his skin color. The victim told police an older yellow pick-up passed by slowly with four occupants…The victim tells police the truck circled the block and passed again, this time the occupants were yelling racial slurs, and threatening to hurt him. He told police that he tried to walk away, but, was chased into a gravel parking lot where the driver tried to run him over. [3] Springfield promptly condemned the incident. In conjunction with the Community Alliance of Lane County, the city held a rally against racism. Marilee Woodrow, a Springfield City Councilor, said

“the city is absolutely behind the rally. We are all appalled at what happened. This rally, we all support it. This is something important to gather the community together for good. I hope it sends the message that Springfield will not stand for racism.” [4]

Speaking of raising a finger: A Lane County woman says she stumbled upon what appears to be a human finger inside a glass bottle while on a beach trip near Reedsport. Tracie Bindrim says while looking for treasures along a secluded beach outside Reedsport she found …a finger. [5]

Fingers were not the only things discovered on the beach this week. A Japanese dock floated across the Pacific Ocean after last year’s tsunami. State parks employees and scientists scrambled to identify and contain any invasive species that may have hitched a ride on the structure. And now they have to figure out what to do with the 66-foot-long, 8-foot-tall behemoth. [6] Apparently Japan doesn’t want it back.

We do want Edward J. King, Jr., back, though. Edward King Jr. — co-founder of King Estate Winery, avionics pioneer and a lifelong entrepreneur — died Sunday at home at the age of 90. [7] King was considered an icon of the Oregon wine industry. [8]

What we don’t want, on the other hand, is the highly contagious bacterial infection known as pertussis, or whooping cough. Over the course of 2012, the disease has reached near-epidemic status in Washington state and has since passed into Oregon. According to Oregon Immunization Program spokesperson Susan Wickstrom, the state of Oregon reached a yearly total of 248 cases in May, compared to 102 cases at the same time last year. As of May 21, 2012, Lane County has seen five cases of whooping cough. Already this year in Oregon, Wickstrom says, there have been 10 infants — three months old or younger — hospitalized as a result of whooping cough.[9]

Whooping cough is no fun, but online games are. The local gaming industry, therefore, was ecstatic to find out that, Zynga, the world’s largest social game company, has acquired Eugene game developer Buzz Monkey and plans to expand the 50-employee Eugene studio. [10]

Buzz Monkey wasn’t the only thing in Oregon to get a new boss. On Monday the Trail Blazers hired Neil Olshey to be their new general manager. Just a few days ago, it was reported that Olshey had reached an agreement to remain GM of the Los Angeles Clippers. But after contract negotiations with the Clippers broke down, Portland was able to hire Olshey. [11]

In other news, Eugene Daily News is finally being treated like a real newspaper. Meaning, people talking trash about EDN on Craigslist. That’s right, this last week EDN — at long last — received the attention of trolls, aka internet forum intellectuals. Apparently EDN is “another rag out there” that is “all pro-Occupy slanted opinionated crap journalism.” that engages in “guerrilla marketing schemes” to advance our “radical Nazi” agenda. [12] [13]  Who knew.